calculate boiler natural gas consumption

Horizontal pressure steam calculate boiler consumption efficiency of a number of cases China basically making impressive work of coal to gas, horizontal steam boiler with a very large reduces dust infected, the same time emissions of nitrogen oxides and other dangerous gases It has been suppressed. Efficiency is a measure of horizontal steam boiler critical navigation, a good number of cases began to say together to study the topic under pressure horizontal steam boiler efficiency. Through the analysis of relevant departments, horizontal steam boiler heat loss from two important parts: the full value is not ideal combustion and exhaust heat waste. Reducing exhaust waste heat should be modified in the tail horizontal steam boiler flue gas heat reuse install, or a more leading boiler condensate recovery system. Full combustion values ​​are not substandard summarized: the traditional horizontal steam boiler selection ejector combustion engine, resulting in air-fuel ratio can not be flexibly adjusted. Many of the non-selected horizontal steam boiler burner blast automatic machines, air-fuel ratio does not lead to over several following cases: air-fuel ratio over the chance of the more important sub-2: An excessive gas stream, having a full cool air is excess heat acting , leading to increased energy use horizontal steam boiler, steam boiler efficiency horizontal weakened; when the airflow is not enough, will produce insufficient combustion, caused by horizontal steam boiler efficiency is reduced.

At 10:00 on September 6 and more, Harbin, a business is the purchase of a new calculate boiler consumption equipment installation, commissioning process when staff at a boiler pressure gauge index found that the performance of the boiler abnormal, but not so the commissioning personnel when the next step, a sudden loud noise, boiler explosion, a huge flame and furnace pressure debugging of oil spray everywhere, four commissioning personnel are subject to varying degrees of injuries, was taken to hospital for treatment .

Boiler is an energy conversion device, by entering the fuel to the boiler, chemical energy, power, etc., outputs a constant steam heat, hot water or organic heat carrier, to provide support for the heat industries. Meanwhile, the boiler is also a special equipment has a certain risk, when the boiler installation, commissioning, operation, etc., be sure to boiler operation safety first.

Now, Xiao Bian to operational safety considerations gas boiler summarize, we can refer to.

First, start, boost, steam supply

1, before the start of the preparatory work

Internal and external check: Check boiler, burner, a good state of the accessory device; action safety accessories, each of the valves, such as flexible instruments, the correct position.

Check the line voltage to meet the requirements, a variety of normal switch position, respectively, various auxiliary pump starts operating, the burner fan, oil pump is normal.

Boiler Feed: exhaust valve opening, to ensure the normal water level (just below the water level).

2, start

Firstly purging the furnace, induced draft fan suction time is usually about 10 minutes to ensure that no residual gas in the furnace, passing substitutions, and ignition for combustion air supply.

After firing is completed according to the adjustment amount of load required for combustion, the boiler into normal operation.

During startup, to closely monitor changes in water level, water boiler accident or occurrence textile full of water accidents.

Second, the normal operation

1, the water level

Fuel gas-fired boiler water table should be the red line indicating the high, medium and low water level, the operation shall not exceed the maximum safe level or below the minimum safe level.

Rinse water table at least once per shift, when there is suspicion of running water, rinse should always check.

2, steam pressure

Red lines indicate the working pressure gauge should have, so sensitive and reliable, the trap should be flushed at least once a week.

3, safety valve

Safety valve should seal intact, no leakage; once a week manually (or automatically) emission test, and begin start pressure, opening pressure, reseating pressure and test time, participants, etc credited maintenance log book u, for future reference .

4, sewage

Proceed as boiler water quality requirements of water quality testing personnel under the guidance of class 1 or 2 times sewage, sewage incident not too long, generally no more than 10 minutes.

Sewage should (preferably when shutdown), should be closely monitored sewage water level changes, and pay attention to safety at the time of low load, low pressure, high water level.

Many boilers when sharing a sewage mains, while sewage is prohibited.

Third, shutdown

1, the normal shutdown

After normal boiler shutdown should generally be reduced boiler load operation, press the boiler shutdown procedure. Actuated pump water to high water level, pressure steam boiler to be dropped after 0.3MPa flushing water table and sewerage operations, and finally close the raft, cut off the power supply control cabinet, wipe equipment, clean up the environment and health, For water, the water temperature should be below after 70 ℃, before proceeding.

2, emergency shutdown

When the boiler operation in the following situations should immediately shutdown:

Furnace water level drops below the minimum water level gauge visible edges.

Increasing water supply and other measures, but digital still continue to fall.

Boiler water level exceeds the highest visible water table level (full of water), the water still can not see the water level.

All water supply system water pump failure or malfunction, not water to the boiler.

Water gauge or safety valve all the failures.

Endanger the boiler element is damaged and the safety of operating personnel.

Combustion equipment damage, or furnace wall collapse and other red-hot boiler structure is a serious threat to the safe operation of the boiler.

Other anomalies endanger the safe operation of the boiler.

3, maintenance

Before maintenance work should be well prepared, as before entering the drum interior work, must be of sufficient strength to connect all of the metal blocking plate spaced reliable steam, water, sewage and other operation of the boiler pipes, and the drum manholes and hand holes (boiler shell) is opened, so that air convection period.

After the completion of preparations to repair. Should ensure that the quarterly frequency of boiler maintenance and repair of the year.

Advances in technology to the boiler industry into new and innovative ideas, now the boiler manufacturers boiler are easy targets toward the operation forward, but in the use of the boiler, improper operation or other quality problems still exist, these failures will It is causing the direct cause of the explosion boilers. Therefore, when using the boiler must be in strict accordance with safety practices boiler, security incidents strangled in the cradle.

Problems coal calculate boiler consumption gas boiler gas coal problems are: 1, more coal ash, 2, unevenness of coal particles, 3, coal contains a large amount of impurities, 4, a lower heating value of coal, 5 when combustion is not easy to ignite fire, 6, coal moisture content uncertain. 7, does not burn coal, slag high carbon content. In general, use is preferably designed coal boiler design coal or coal close, in order to ensure stable combustion. In recent years due to the growing tension surrounding the coal supply, coal supply has become diversified, coal quality is very different than before coal, have a great impact on the stability of the boiler combustion and normal heating operation. Impact of coal combustion boiler stable for: calorific value of coal is coal reflects an important indicator of good or bad, when the low calorific value of coal to a certain value, will not only affect the incomplete combustion instability and can lead boiler flameout, the outlet temperature of the boiler is difficult to compliance, affecting the normal operation. Volatile combustion and can be deposited at lower temperatures, as the combustion heat, the temperature rapidly increased coke particles, provide an extremely favorable conditions for ignition and combustion, volatiles further increased coke deposition and internal voids and the external reaction area, will help improve the speed of burning coke. Thus, the greater the content of volatile, nonflammable, the less fixed carbon in the coal component, the easier coal burning ember, devolatilization of many voids, increases the surface area of ​​the reaction, the combustion reaction is accelerated. When the volatile content is reduced, pulverized coal ignition temperature significantly increased, the hot increases, difficult fire, ignition time required becomes longer, the combustion stability is reduced, shifting the center of the flame, furnace absorbed radiation heating surface reduce heat, increase the heat absorption of the convection heating surface, the rear exhaust temperature, exhaust loss increases.

Natural gas competes very evenly with coal, and is perhaps slightly less expensive presently.This is changing, however, as environmental polices are being drafted that tax facilities burning natural gas in an effort to drive them to convert to non-fossil fuels. Boiler manufacturers can do little to combat this issue except redesign their calculate boiler consumptions to co-fire alternative fuels along with natural gas, adding the appropriate pollution-control devices as necessary.