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Working principle and structural characteristics of steam boiler

Steam boiler has brought great convenience to industry. Steam boiler has driven the development of the times. The following is a brief introduction to the structural characteristics and working principle of steam boiler. Steam boiler is a machine that mainly produces steam, and many people use it, but many of them do not know much about its structure and working principle. It makes use of coal, oil, natural gas and other water-tube steam boilers with limited capacity and pressure. There is a large desire to space, and easy to arrange, steam boiler in a variety of forms. Water is heated in the drum into steam, and the heat emitted by fire in the furnace is the principle of a steam boiler. Work of steam boiler Principle:

1, the heat generated by pulverized coal combustion in the furnace is first absorbed by the water wall through radiative heat transfer, and the water boiling of the water wall is vaporized, producing a large amount of steam into the steam drum for steam separation (except for direct flow furnaces). The separated saturated steam enters the superheater and continues to absorb the flue gas heat at the top of the furnace and the horizontal flue and the tail flue through radiation and convection, and enables the superheated steam to reach the required working temperature. The steam boiler for power generation is usually equipped with a reheater, which is used to heat the steam after the high-pressure cylinder does work, and the reheat steam comes out of the reheater to go back to the middle, and the low-pressure cylinder continues to do the work to generate electricity.

2. When the pulverized coal stove is working, The position of the center of the flame will affect the amount of evaporation, generally speaking, if the center of the flame is low, the amount of evaporation will be large, and the position of the center of the flame will also affect the temperature of the superheated steam or reheated steam, as well as the high value of the flame center and the small amount of evaporation. When the flame center is low, the superheated steam, especially the reheated steam temperature, will be low and vice versa.

3, the arrangement of burners, as far as coal powder furnace is concerned, there are many kinds of combustion modes, such as front and rear wall, tangential combustion, double tangential combustion, and so on, each of which has its own characteristics. The influence on steam can not be directly determined because the same furnace can not apply the above-mentioned arrangement methods at the same time.

9.4MW YQW gas-fired thermal oil heater for clean-energy industryThermal oil heater is a kind of new heat energy equipment with low pressure and high temperature, playing an important role in various industries. Huagang Gas Group is a sino-foreign joint venture enterprise, which established by Kunlun Energy Company Limited and Huabei Oilfield Company. The company is engaged in natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, blast furnace gas and so on. Due to the stringent quality requirement for pipeline gas in China, all natural gas needs to be decarbonized and desulphurized. A high-quality steam boiler is one of the key equipment for the productive process. With the development of global environmental policy, the demand of clean energy is growing with each passing day. Huagang Gas Group has carried out public bidding to purchase one set of thermal oil heater to meet the production need. Relying on rich experience and powerful comprehensive technology strength, ZOZEN won the bid and provided 9.4MW YQW series thermal oil heater for them. The heat exchange surface of the thermal oil heater adopts multi-loop round coil tube structure, which features high security and sufficient heating surface. The waste heat boiler, air pre-heater and economizer are installed on the tails of the thermal oil heater to effectively improve the thermal efficiency (The thermal efficiency of ZOZEN thermal oil heater can reach up to 95%). Moreover, this kind of thermal oil heater adopts perfect running control and safety monitoring device, which can control working temperature strictly and guarantee the safe operation.

2. szs series oil/gas boiler

The SZS is a modern D-type water tube boiler design, with gas tight membrane wall construction for all furnace walls including the front wall to maximize heat transfer. Tube manipulations for burner and man door penetration maintains optimum circulation. Two stage separation within the steam drum ensures high quality steam.

To conscientiously implement the CPC Central Committee and State Council "on the overall strengthening of environmental protection and resolutely fight pollution prevention advice tough fight" and "the State Council on the issuance of three-year winning the Battle of the blue sky plan of action," the spirit, boiler emissions control, prevention and treatment air pollution, the State environmental Protection Department to develop "boiler air pollutant emission standards." In order to further the implementation of air pollution control operations, all regions at the same time meet the national standard, but also have introduced a more stringent local standards.

From the implementation of the Beijing gas nitrogen oxide emission standards for boilers began 30mg, emissions from gas-fired boiler has been of great concern, expand around the "coal to gas" action, so that gas such devices become the most countries to promote clean energy boiler.

The transformation of the current common low nitrogen boiler, there are three main measures: (1) replacement of boilers, (2) replace the burner (3) in the boiler flue gas treatment.

Controlling the nitrogen oxide generated from the source, the most advanced technology on the market today is the use of flue gas recirculation techniques and FGR premix combustion gas boiler technology, both having different focus, low nitrogen emissions boiler.

Replace the boiler burner, renovation and debugging, and the impact on the safety performance of the resulting boiler, burner unit by the responsible manufacturer or his authorized. Beijing Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision, Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau issued the "Notice on the transformation of the low - NOx combustion safety risk warning" states: the transformation of low-nitrogen combustion boiler diverse, complex technology, to protect the smooth implementation of the work of reform, effective prevent security risks, prevent accidents, analysis and appraisal by experts, it is not recommended comprehensive safety, environmental factors, the following recommendations:

Nitrogen oxides have been generated by some means and then reduced to nitrogen, the main fuel reburning, selective catalytic reduction, selective non-catalytic reduction. But in the actual monitoring, the nitrogen oxide emissions controllability is poor.

The transformation of low nitrogen gas boiler is a need for long-term adherence and actively manage the work, under the premise to meet the national standards, do specifically address the specific circumstances, not blindly, careless handling, to adopt plans, goals, ideas implementation, to achieve a comprehensive upgrade gas boiler.