11tons szs gas hot water boiler in switzerland for textile industry

How how electric steam boiler maintenance electric steam boiler maintenance 1, boiler maintenance, must be cut off and must relief. 2, the burner every two months to be removed from the boiler, carefully remove foreign bodies such as dust and soot. Photocell light-receiving surface wipe once a month, fuel filter should always be kept clean and filtering capabilities; carefully clean the filter in the pump, do not break the seal. Oil-burner not idle, so as not to damage the pump. 3, the water level gauge should always be kept clean, rinse the purge valve is opened, the water level in order to ensure a clear day. 4, pulling the safety valve once a day, to prevent rusting failure. 5, electric steam boilers stop running long time, turn off the power, and do maintenance work: (1), dry maintenance, shutdown after the release came out water, dirt clean the furnace, with a slow fire the burner drying pot (burning time not too long, to avoid damage to the boiler), then all of the drained gas boiler, all pipe valve closed, checked every three months. (2), wet maintenance for a period not exceeding one month shutdown of the boiler, furnace shutdown after water release, discharge and clean fill with water, cut off the power, close the valve.

The main reason gas steam boiler produces smoke which fuel gas steam boiler main cause of smoke. A fuel gas steam boiler: oil, gas oil quality is not good when the gas contains more water, reduce the heat value of the fuel, while producing steam, the furnace temperature tends to decrease, making it difficult to burn, easy to produce smoke. Water and more oil, mainly when unloading rain water into the oil during heating the oil in water vapor penetration. When the oil contains impurities, the impurities unburned produce fine coke, the coke into fine smoke, dust becomes large, and the formation of soot. Impurities contained in the oil and gas, but also affect the pure oil and pure combustion gas generated soot. Oil impurities, mainly due to inappropriate choice of filters or filter difference impurity removal effect. Second, the failure of the fuel atomizing nozzle member main burner fuel oil atomizing nozzle. Atomizing oil burner nozzle fails, affecting the quality of the atomization, easy to poor combustion. 1, the adhesiveness between the bonding surface of the oil and the consequences of failure oil atomizers swirl atomizers and the splitter plate well, leakage will occur, atomized large oil particles, increasing the amount of fuel injection and the like. In this case serious deterioration of the quality of the combustion, the oil droplets have landed on the water wall, stacking up oil coke, partially unburned black smoke into droplets. The tangential swirl chip groove clogging mist causes uneven density distribution in the dense side of the oil mist, combustion air be insufficient. In the more dilute side of the oil mist, combustion air causes severe local excess. Mixed with oil, wind conditions deteriorated significantly, combustion conditions deteriorate, resulting in black smoke. 2, spray atomization slice failure and the consequences of failure to clogging and wear. Nozzle clogging, resulting in blockage of the fuel injection quantity is not glib increase, oil particle size thicker, the effect of fuel poor and black smoke. Wear injection port, a large hole diameter, increasing the amount of fuel injection, increasing the particle size of oil affect combustion efficiency, produce black smoke. The use of artificial gas burner, naphthalene and tar and other impurities will block the nozzles, the influence of gas distribution, resulting in black smoke. Should therefore be cleaned regularly, or clogging of the selected burner. 3, the partition partitioning poor poor, insufficient supply of air into and excess. The amount of air can not meet the requirements of the fuel combustion, so that combustion of fuel can not be sufficiently black smoke. The amount of air, will result in lower combustion temperature, black smoke and fuel difficult to burn. 4, the furnace temperature is too low when starting the furnace, fuel oil steam boiler furnace temperature is too low due to easy black smoke. 5, the furnace hearth product oil is sometimes caused by internal combustion nozzle oil accumulated inside the chamber, the oil reservoir coke black smoke at high temperature. Causes dripping of fuel combustion nozzle: ① The drip just work, just at the operating pressure is too low, the oil will flow from the nozzle, instead of the discharge. The reason for low oil pressure is a solenoid valve, the valve is clogged filter or the like or failure caused by contamination. ② In the dripping process work, probably because the relative position of burner nozzle mounting head too far, improper ignition electrode position, the oil into the atomizer, the nozzle holder is mounted is not tight, nozzle dirty, low oil pressure caused. ③ When the dripping stopped, because the line between the pump and the air nozzle, electromagnetic valve or a hydraulic valve or dirty failure. 6, the furnace flue purged countless consequences when the furnace flue remnants of oil and gas, when gas purging endless, high temperatures encountered in the explosion and black smoke. 7, the furnace smoke, sparks, the furnace pressure is too ①; ② inappropriate choice of the burner, the burner flame is too long or too much power; ③ improper combustion ratio, there are more to produce products of incomplete combustion; ④ atomization quality is not good nozzle or improper installation location, or affect the combustion flame into the furnace off port; ⑤ flue is blocked, poor smoke; ⑥ a secondary air mismatches; irrational ⑦ furnace structure; ⑧ oil spray angle is selected from with improper.

There are reasons for chemical plant boiler water wall high temperature corrosion which causes of high temperature corrosion chemical plant boiler water wall What are the causes of high temperature corrosion chemical plant boiler water wall which 1, raw coal sulfur compounds according to relevant statistics analysis shows that coal inorganic sulfide occurrence sulfur-based, accounting for 60% to 70% of the total sulfur content, the remaining 30% to 40% is organic sulfur. Occurrence majority of the inorganic sulfur in the form of pyrite, sulfate, only a small fraction of inorganic sulfur content of the sulfur in coal measurement results shown in Table 2. The morphology of pyrite by more slagging and corrosion of boiler serious implications, and therefore subject to people's attention in the course of practice, but often ignore the corrosive effect of sulfate on the Wall. Thus, in practice it is necessary to form during combustion of sulfur in coal is measured. 2, the chemical analysis of coal coal boiler is 50% to 50% of anthracite and bituminous coal, coal testing seen from the data of research institutions, the volatile coal employed in the chemical, crystalline water, CO2 and other non-combustible or higher levels of flame-retardant component, low CH4, H2 and other combustibles content, higher temperature requirements volatile release, slow release, long time to burn coal, high ash content of the combustion, appears likely to cause the waterwall reducing component. 3, the size of the inscribed circle boiler chemical analysis boiler designed to be used with pre-mixed coal, to achieve the purpose of enhancing combustion, therefore the design Tangentially Fired large, will cause a large inscribed circle after the formation of the combustion of coal pulverized coal, gas and other substances appear high temperature corrosion. Related experimental results also shows that, when the circle diameter of the boiler in the range of 8 ~ 8.3m, after leaving a nozzle air flow deflection under the action of mixing the secondary air mixed gas stream is significantly down and floating inscribed circle than the other Big. 4, when the airflow and dual channel burner boiler design analysis consider using bituminous coal and anthracite mixed, the use of a secondary higher wind speed, a wind speed is low, the size of each of 43.5m / s, 22.5m / s, a , the second big difference wind speed caused the jet rigid significantly different. Due to the impact of differences in conditions and the gas stream upstream sides of adjacent angles of qi, when a secondary stream ejected from the burner, the air flow occurs toward the back direction of the flame to the water wall offset time smaller jet velocity Merry occurs a more obvious than the secondary airflow offset such that once the separation between the secondary air flow significantly. By using correlation analysis tests like long streamers understood, a significant portion of the air flow downstream of the boiler walls against movement, so this part of the secondary air flow departing from the airflow direction, coal and other combustible materials in the combustion under insufficient oxygen supply, a certain amount reducing gas component. Because the use of the two-channel burner design, a secondary air flow separation phenomenon of increasing offset, to some extent, when a relatively strong reflux in the boiler, the flue gas, the better the effect of reflux, the more obvious the effect of fuel combustion, but it can also lead to increased attenuation of a romantic reflux stronger. Dual-channel design such that the outlet area of ​​the burner than traditional single channel many large exit area, but also makes the primary air flow greatly reduced exit velocity. The foregoing analysis, and a dual channel design, the secondary air flow speed difference, so that a significantly reduced stiffness airflow, airflow offset serious, prone to high temperature corrosion in the waterwall. Analysis of coal pulverizing system thickness 2.5 coal boiler is based on coal and coal burning coal designed, when using low-quality coal, pulverizing system load increases, reducing the separation effect, resulting in coal particle size increases, the thickness of the pulverized coal has a significant effect on high temperature corrosion of the boiler, coal particles increase when the torch burning in a boiler long prone to decrease the effect of the combustion of pulverized coal, coarse coal particles are not completely combusted powder boiler water wall in the vicinity of the bond, so that high-temperature corrosion intensified.

Recently, Chuzhou City, Anhui Province issued a "Chuzhou Municipal People's Government on the issuance of Chuzhou City to win the Battle of the sky three-year action plan to implement the program," which raised more for coal-fired governance requirements, as follows.

First, the continued implementation of the total coal consumption control. As of 2020, the city's coal accounts for a further decline in the proportion of total energy consumption; the city's coal consumption to complete the tasks assigned by the provincial government; a new coal project implementation reduction of coal instead.

Second, the implementation of the "coal to gas" and "electricity instead of coal." Under the premise of the implementation of the gas source, protect people's livelihood, glass, foundry industry to actively promote natural gas instead of coal gasification project, orderly implementation of coal-fired facilities from coal to gas. Combined with regional and industry energy characteristics, and actively promote the residential electricity, industrial production, building heating heating, transportation, production of five major areas of agricultural implement "electricity instead of coal", focus on improving the proportion of final energy consumption of electricity accounted for.

Third, carry out comprehensive improvement of the boiler. Increase efforts to eliminate small coal-fired boilers, to consolidate the results of coal-fired boilers eliminated. The city basically eliminated 35 tons of steam per hour of coal-fired boilers and furnaces tea, operating the stove, grain storage and drying equipment, coal-fired facilities, no new 35 tons of steam per hour of coal-fired boilers; 35 tons of steam per hour more coal-fired boilers (excluding boiler coal-fired plants) all meet the special emission limit requirements; 65 tons of steam per hour and above all coal-fired boilers and energy-efficient ultra-low emissions to complete the transformation. Low-nitrogen gas boiler substantially complete transformation; urban built-up area of ​​ultra-low emission biomass boilers implement reform.

Fourth, increase the technological transformation efforts cogeneration units to speed up the heating pipe network construction, fully release and improve the heating capacity, eliminate network coverage and bulk coal fired boilers within range. In areas do not have the cogeneration district heating conditions, the existing multiple small coal-fired boilers, alternative construction of large-capacity coal-fired boilers in accordance with the principle of equal volume.

Fifth, strengthen the bulk coal governance. Full implementation of the "Interim Measures for commercial coal quality management" and coal-fired boiler technology standard, good bulk coal use Survey, the development of bulk coal governance implementation. Expand the scope of urban high-pollution fuel combustion zone ban, and gradually extended to the outskirts of the urban area. Combustion zone ban prohibiting the use of high-polluting coal for fuel, the progressive realization of no coal rank. Daly promote quality and new coal stoves, improving combustion efficiency.